Belvedere Palace Garden

From 1697 onward, Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663 - 736) purchased several grounds to serve as a location for the Schloss Belvedere on what today is the Rennweg in the 3rd district of Vienna.

Schloss Belvedere and its gar­den were built between 1700 and 1721, based on designs by both the ar­chi­tect Lukas von Hilde­brandt, one of the most notable Baroque ar­chi­tects in Cen­tral Eu­rope at the time, and the gar­den artist and fontainier Do­minique Gi­rard, from Mu­nich. In 1726 a menagerie and kitchen gar­den were added to what was already a very already extensive garden, while the French for­mal gar­den was also recorded on the “Stuttgart Plan” at around the same time. After the death of Prince Eu­gene, his heirs sold the whole com­plex to Em­press Maria There­sia, who gave the palace and its gar­den the name Belvedere, mean­ing “beau­ti­ful view”.

Dur­ing the fol­low­ing 200 years the park and its clear Baroque com­po­si­tion saw var­i­ous al­ter­ations. At the end of the 18th cen­tury Em­peror Franz I com­mis­sioned the botanist Niko­laus Thomas Host with the es­tab­lish­ment of the “Flora aus­tri­aca” in the for­mer kitchen gar­den, a col­lec­tion of all plants of the Aus­trian crown-lands. In 1865 the “Alpinum” from the Schloss­park Schönbrunn was trans­ferred to the Belvedere Gar­den.
More changes were made around 1900, when the Upper Belvedere be­came the res­i­dence of the heir to the throne, Franz Fer­di­nand.

Since 1918 the Belvedere Gar­den has been the prop­erty of the Re­pub­lic of Aus­tria. Ex­cept for the Flora aus­tri­aca col­lec­tion, which is in the care of the Botan­i­cal Gar­den of the Uni­ver­sity of Vi­enna, it is now man­aged by the Fed­eral Gar­dens office@​bun​desg​aert​en.​at

The Alpine Gar­den

The alpinar­ium of the Belvedere gar­den is one of the old­est alpine gar­dens in Eu­rope. On an area of about 2,500 square me­tres, more than 4,000 plant species from alpine areas all over the world can be seen. The col­lec­tion itself dates back to the time of Arch­duke Jo­hann, the brother of Aus­trian Em­peror Franz I, who at the be­gin­ning of the 19th cen­tury, often went to col­lect alpine plants, including rare species of gentian and saxifrage, with his brothers, in the Aus­trian moun­tains. These were then planted in the park of Schloss Schönbrunn. The Alpine Garden was closed during both World Wars, however was reopened to the public in 1949.

One of the func­tions of the Alpine Gar­den is the preser­va­tion of en­dan­gered plants of the Alpine area. As a result, the Fed­eral Gar­dens take part in an in­ter­na­tional seed ex­change pro­gramme with over 400 botan­i­cal gar­dens and in­sti­tu­tions, in order to ensure that there will always be a seed reserve of endangered plants- thereby aiding in their preservation.

The Alpine Gar­den of­fers tourists, ex­perts and the peo­ple of Vi­enna an op­por­tu­nity to get fa­mil­iar with Aus­trian and in­ter­na­tional alpine plants and to enjoy their beauty and di­ver­sity. It is a green oasis in the cen­tre of Vi­enna.

Ac­cess: Land­straßer Gürtel 3, Prinz Eu­gen-Straße 27 and Ren­nweg 6, 1030 Vi­enna

The Alpine Gar­den is open from end March to early Au­gust. If the weather is bad, the gar­den is closed.

The Kam­mer­garten

In the early nine­teen-eight­ies Prince Eu­gene had the Kam­mer­garten con­structed as his pri­vate gar­den. Due to its mag­nif­i­cent de­sign, it is a key component of the Belvedere com­plex.

For de­tailed in­for­ma­tion on open­ing hours and en­trance fees for the Belvedere com­plex, please see https://​www.​belvedere.​at/​de/​schloss-​und-​museum/​oef​fnun​gsze​iten-​und-​ein​trit​tspr​eise

published at 12.11.2015, Abteilung Präs. 5 - Kommunikation und Service