Since 2003 UN Water has been reporting on the occasion of the World Water Day (22nd of March) on the status of the global access to water and sanitary facilities. After the topic of 2017 “Wastewater - the untapped resource” the report 2018 has been dedicated for the first time to the use of near-natural solutions in water management. In this way important impulses are given for the Water Decade 2018 -2028, which has started with the World Water Day, especially since the main theme of this Water Decade is “Water for Sustainable Development”.
On the basis of the updated statistical set of water-relevant data on a global scale the status quo of the application of near-natural approaches to solutions is demonstrated in the various fields of water management on the basis of selected illustrative examples. The thematic spectrum ranges from water quantity via water quality, to the management of risks resulting from flood and drought. Moreover, the potential of future applications is dealt with, but it is also referred to the process of rethinking, which is necessary in order to be able to realise this potential supplementing the traditional approaches to solutions.
In Austria and in the Danube area the use of near-natural solutions has a long tradition. Current examples are the flood risk management plan, whose package of measures includes, apart from structural flood control measures, first and foremost non-structural measures (e.g. flood forecast and early warning systems, improvement of the water retention, securing of areas and sustainable land-use, etc.) the implementation of Integrative River Basin Management in Austria, as well as the National Water Management Plan in order to reach the good status on our waters.
For further information please see the links mentioned below.